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In: The Challenge of North Africa. Paris: University of London Institute in Pais, Within this framework it focuses on sustainable agriculture, food security and the water-energy-food nexus in particular. It swept up senior military officers, leading businessmen, a former prime minister, a few former ministers and a head of the oil monopoly Sonatrach. Those arrested were deferred to the courts or detained on charges of corruption. They narrowly escaped, at a huge cost in life and destruction, the Islamic version in the s.
Today, they aspire to be governed by a more competent and less corrupt generation, which is not short of talent. The question is: will the likes of Gaid Salah and Mediene succeed, as they have in the past, in banging the stable door firmly shut on them? Tunisia deserves better than being put on a blacklist of tax havens at this point in its history.
All of us have engaged with Tunisia — as investors, diplomats, economists and journalists, for many years. The country has never been a fiscal paradise in the past and is not one today. The results will tell us whether or not we are witnessing a historical shake-up of the French political scene. Far from ushering in a period of democratic transition, the ensuing conflicts have witnessed a return to internecine tribal, family, and religious conflict of the worst kind.
Tunisia stands out as the only Arab country where a democratic transition of sorts has taken place. That includes, among other things, joint responsibility for refugees and, not least, to create jobs and do it with decent wages and conditions. If I look at the national legislation in Sweden, I see that you have actually a Swedish act temporarily restricting the possibility to obtain residence permits in Sweden.
Is that a helpful way forward to a joint responsibility system for asylum? Parliament is waiting: waiting for you, waiting for the Council. Well, we all know how the concept of flexicurity worked out in the EU. I dare say that the rise of the extreme right-wing populism in many EU Member States — unfortunately also in Sweden — can at least be party attributed to this concept. People who are uncertain about their jobs or have to combine various precarious jobs to make a living are easy prey for populism.
For years we have been asking, together with European trade unions, for a social progress protocol. Whenever there is a conflict between the rules of the internal market and social rights, the latter should prevail. And you could ask then: what are the social rights? You yourself mentioned the European social pillar; but in practice the Council made this into purely political commitments. Is it advancing social rights? Is it really contributing to people feeling secure and protected?
Look at the tedious discussions we are having and the votes we are probably having tomorrow on the so-called mobility package. Do you agree that a social progress protocol is indispensable, and what initiatives can we expect? A few words on the militarisation of the European project. Does that mean that, instead of relying on multilateralism, instead of relying on your diplomats, also Sweden is now relying more on force and violence?
Finally, I think business and human rights is another area that Sweden could be very active on. I shall be short, because I am running out of time, but the UN is working on a binding instrument, and can we expect some initiatives also from Sweden, given its tradition, to unblock the situation? Indeed, I agree with that. While some countries and regions have been benefiting a lot from European integration, other countries and regions have benefited less, and we still have a lot of social inequality in Europe.
Almost every fourth person in Europe is at risk of poverty or social exclusion, and that includes 25 million children. The Social Pillar is fantastic, but the thing is we need to make it binding and not just have a nice declaration of things that we should do. We have to do them. Again, poorer people will be hit by this, while they actually contribute less to CO2 emissions than rich people do. So climate justice needs to go hand in hand with social justice. Just one example and one area where this needs to be fulfilled is the area of mobility.
We need to make sure that mobility is climate-friendly, available, affordable and existent. Europe is a rather small continent. One of the things that needs to be done in order to have easily accessible and affordable trains, I think, is to make it easier to book cross—border trains. We very much hope that your government will back the proposal by us Greens, which was actually adopted by this plenary in November, to allow open data for train bookings that would allow you to book your train tickets across the border without much difficulty.
Maybe a sort of Skyscanner for trains is the next European big start—up platform to make it possible to have train rides within Europe. That has been adopted in Council, which is very good, because it finally contributed to the reform of the ETS and at least tried to bring the prices for CO2 emissions to a more reasonable level in order to really make polluters pay. That is a problem when solar panels are being produced in China, as well as battery cells, and electric cars are being produced in South Korea.
It should be Europe where this innovation is done. So we need to act quickly and decisively. We can still decide how to make that economic transition, but we need to make it fast. Nicht Sie sind entscheidend, diesen Weg zu definieren, und auch nicht ich. Wissen Sie, wer es ist? Mai, wohin die Reise gehen wird.
Compromise is not as bad as some people think. Several of you have mentioned social rights. I will touch upon that issue, which, yes, I think it very important to address. For many people today, not least the members that I used to work for when I was a trade union leader, the transition of the labour market, of the global economy, is scary, and that is because they feel insecure about what will happen. I know I strongly believe in a social market economy because we need a market economy that has the best incentives for raising productivity, giving us a greater possibility of prosperity, but that change, that transformation, also needs to be brought about in a socially just way, otherwise people will rise up and say no, we will not be in favour of change.
And if we have a workforce that is not in favour of change, then we will slow down in our economic development. So this is about a morally right thing, but is also economically smart. Those who totally reject the social perspective of the European Union or economic development are making a huge mistake. Now we can combine that and we have a treaty to adhere to as well. So the pillar of social rights has not changed the treaty. One is to make sure that people get a job in the first place, given that the unemployed would be the most desperate people: the longer the unemployment, the greater the desperation.
The second is what kind of job do we want? Do we want jobs in which workers are supposed to compete with one another with lower wages and bad working conditions? Is that the future labour market? So therefore it is in our mutual interest to make sure that things also move in the right direction with the national decision-making. Nothing has changed. And the third is social security in a broader sense. Is that too much to ask? This European Union, in my opinion, is made for the people. The market is very important for us.
Creating this huge market gives us a possibility to compete with China, with the United States, with India and all the big players. So I think that we can definitely work with social rights in a balanced way too. Regarding the budget, Mr Commissioner, I guess that the discussion needs to continue; I see that we have certain differences here.
But let me just explain the Swedish position. During we received asylum-seekers. Not everybody gets to stay. Some need to go back because there are no grounds for their asylum. But we have ahead of us now huge investments in our country: in schools, in eldercare, in our health sector. We can handle this.
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Those who can stay in our country will be integrated in our society as soon as possible, but they need somewhere to live. They need a job, eldercare, everything. We can handle that. That is not possible.
We are eager to work to develop the European Union and do our best; we will contribute as best we can. But what I have just said is impossible because it would mean that the legitimacy of the European Union would be ruined. I cannot even deliver that answer to the people. I guess we agree upon that. We need to make sure that they are adhered to, otherwise we will weaken the European Union.
Several have touched upon the climate and environment. I share most of the positions and the policies. We understand what is happening. Not only do we understand, but we will act to prevent a catastrophe. We need to turn the climate, the combat against climate change, from a burden into an opportunity, because this will provide the new jobs.
The new technology is here and that is what we are going to develop. Peter Lundgren. Nu ska jag prata svenska, Peter Lundgren. Men jag ska prata svenska. Det var du som gjorde det. We need to reach that decision. And the problem is not the Council.
The problem is that we have a few of our colleagues that do not want to share that responsibility. But we also need to find a solution. Regarding Spotify, just to clarify one thing. Spotify also has an office in Stockholm. It is already there. But there are a lot of Swedish unicorns that need to grow. And they grow globally, and some of the activities need to take part also on the other side of the Atlantic.
But I guess we agree on the point that the services market as well as the digital market need to be much more efficient, and that is why we are pushing for that. In the last European Council that we had just a few weeks ago, we were at 17 countries that wrote to the Commission and said we need to speed up this now and implement what we already have decided.
So, in general, I agree we need to do much, much more. We needed to handle that situation. It was not sustainable. Therefore, we changed our legislation to the same level as the European Union in general. Now, we need to stick to that legislation and, at the same, time work with this common European legislation so that, if we have that in place, all the Member States can also change their national legislation, and then we will have sustainable legislation for all of us.
But once again, I think we need to make sure that we also share the responsibility. You were also asking how we create jobs. I think we can do that, and not least during that transformation, to make sure that people can follow at that pace. We need training, we need education, and this is a really important mechanism for making sure that we can create jobs and, by that, trust in the future. When it comes to arms build-up, there are two paths we need to follow. One is, as the Prime Minister of Sweden, I need to tell the people that we are doing what we can to make sure that we can handle any military threats in a good way.
But on the other hand, perhaps the most important thing I think in that sense, I think we can agree we can do as leaders is to decrease tensions. So we need to work with diplomacy. We are active right now also in Sweden working for more peace, to make sure that we can reduce the number of nuclear arms, for example. We need to have the debate that we are having today because I cannot see the reason why the ultimate protection would be arms that can destroy the earth.
So, Ska Keller on social issues. We have the Treaty, as I said. But let's see what the next step is. But we need to make sure that social security is something that people in our Member State can say: yes, this is for me as well. On mobility, you mentioned trains specifically. We are working on that right now, also in Sweden. How do we invest in such a way that our trains can move in a better way than they do now?
Going by train should be easy and accessible. So we need to work with that. Lastly, ETS. You know what our government did? We actually cancelled allowances. The government before us sold them, made money on them. We cancelled, them and if you cancel those, the price will go up. Second, make sure that our external border is functioning.
And third, make sure that we have a shared responsibility between the Member States within our Union. If that works, if we get that in place, we will have a sustainable migration policy. Every Member State needs to decide by themselves what kind of energy mix they will use. There is an important European perspective also given the Energy Union, but we not have any mandate — the different Member States decide on their own what kind of energy mix they want.
Herr statsminister! Prime Minister, in your home country, Sweden, you have a very large number of trees, you have big forests — in fact you do trees and forests exceedingly well. One of your biggest markets is the United Kingdom. Your neighbour, Norway, now has the tallest wooden building in the world, at 18 storeys, and the opportunities to build big and tall in wood are there for everyone to see now.
Recently in the United Kingdom we unfortunately had a horrific fire in London, in the Grenfell Tower, where over 70 people lost their lives. One of the consequences of that fire is that the British Government is looking at banning the use of wood in buildings over eight storeys tall. I think that would be an overreaction and a mistake. It would mean you would lose an important market for your cross—laminated timber and other products. Marek Jurek ECR.
Hon har aldrig svarat. Coming from Denmark I, of course, know Sweden very well and I think what you mentioned, Prime Minister, that the young people are now asking the older people to act when it comes to climate, is so fundamental, and I think in Sweden and in the Nordic countries we have actually experience of how we can do things together to be more sustainable. In the energy area for example — electricity — we have now one Nordic market because we are starting to integrate. We are employing more renewables than ever and we should be a model for Europe.
But I want to ask you, in concrete ways, what do you think the European Union could do more to develop from a coal and steel Union, as you mentioned, to become a real, true climate Union? A Union where we put climate first in all of our policies. And secondly, Prime Minister, this response needs to be just, responsible, where all people are included, so how do we ensure, in your view, that in the face of globalisation, we integrate people more?
How do we spread the model of labour market participation, labour market organisations that take responsibility, unions and employers? Joachim Starbatty ECR. Ich habe nur zwei konkrete Fragen. Die Schweden ebenfalls — das ist aber im Vertrag nicht vorgesehen.
Das ist eine Vertragsverletzung, und ich frage die Kommission, wie sie mit dieser Vertragsverletzung durch Schweden umgeht. Dina kamrater lovade att det inte skulle bli lagstiftning. Prime Minister, thank you for reminding us of the European dream, but it is about time that the European dream came to terms with European binding law because solidarity, orderly migration and the social pillar are not just dream works.
They are binding European laws, yet violated by some notorious Member States. We heard a British MEP here calling the attention of the House of Commons to the clock which is ticking because it is about time that the House of Commons delivered on the deplorable referendum that took place in But, for the European Parliament, the consequence of it all is that we have to fight against populism by voting pro-European, as you have just advocated. I thank you for your initiative on Romania.
But let me ask you, if we are indeed to fight organised crime and criminality that is taking advantage of the system, do we not need to indeed move away from unanimity on taxation? Because they are taking advantage of this blocking system to actually exploit offshores, inside and outside the European Union. Indeed they divert the money that is so needed for public services to our taxpayers. This is a crucial question and we want leadership from you on that.
I would like to hear a little bit more about how Sweden sees the future financing of the European Union. At the same time, Sweden represented an example on social security for other European Union countries. Which measures are you going to take in order to respect equal rights for European Union citizens? But the influence of our market goes way beyond our borders. No one will stay in love with globalisation unless there are stronger, fairer social and environmental rules internationally and Europe can lead the way, but is our trade policy really fit for purpose?
Corporations have far more rights to justice than the workers and communities that they rely on. Stefan, I like your vision of the future of Europe, and I hope that my country will take the opportunity and decide to stay so that we can build it together. Christofer Fjellner PPE. We have different opinions on these issues, because I believe strongly that social security is important — not least in the transition.
This is something we have argued within Sweden for decades, for centuries, and all the improvements that have been made have also been fought against by the Conservatives. That is why we also disagree at a European level. That is not the case at the global level either. Our task is to show that everybody has a place, and that also goes with social security and social responsibility.
It is a common task. I guess we will have to debate this in the coming decades as well, but I do not give up. We need a social justice. It could actually be the other way around, but that is up to the experts to continue to decide. I will not intervene in British decision—making, but I would say this: that we will continue in Sweden. We need to build more using wood rather than other materials for exactly the reason that that was mentioned: the climate.
So we need to use more of our wood. We need to set goals and that is why I said in my speech here that in Sweden we decided that we should be zero neutral in So you need the structure and the clear decision and then of course you need the tools as well so that we make it easier, also for individuals and organisations.
But I can also say this: we have a lot of businesses in Sweden and a lot of companies and enterprises that love to be in this project. They are in many ways ahead of us, telling us that we need to go faster and that they want to do more. Max Andersson om skatteflykt. Several of you have been touching upon the subject of corruption and mentioned different countries like Malta, Slovakia and Romania.
There is only one answer to that: corruption, wherever it takes place, is not acceptable. Corruption and misuse of financial resources are never, never accepted, and I can assure you that we are also dealing with that, being very clear on that issue because this is about the legitimacy of democracy and of our system.
We will combat that. We should not negotiate our values, I totally agree. I talked about the climate so we agree on that. We have to respect the referendum and what the UK will now decide and we try to be as pragmatic as possible, but there is also a line, of course.
There was also a question about future financing. As I said, if we put more people into work, we will have more finances. So that is why I would say that we also need to think about how to relocate resources. We cannot just add new tasks and new missions and then increase the fee. That is not possible because there is a limit. I fully agree on drugs because we need to cooperate more to combat drugs, because that is something that will definitely — not will, is right now — poisoning our society.
So the more strongly we combat drug dealing and drugs, the better for us. That is also why I went, for example, to Europol to see what we are doing together here. The agreements that we are negotiating right now also include, as far as I understand it, social rights. Inte bra. Hier sollte die EU eine Vorreiterrolle in der Welt einnehmen.
El presidente. Jerzy Buzek, Rapporteur. The European Parliament strengthened the robustness and European Union oversight of the new legal provisions of the Gas Directive. My special thanks reach out to the rapporteur, Jerzy Buzek, and to all the shadow rapporteurs involved. With the amended Gas Directive, we will be in a position to ensure that European Union energy legislation will apply to all pipelines connecting the European Union market with third countries. No such pipeline should be operated in a legal void or only according to the rules of a third country.
This is important for European energy security, for European sovereignty and for European solidarity. In practical terms, it means that the key principles of European Union energy legislation, such as third-party access, tariff regulation, ownership unbundling and transparency will apply to gas pipelines with third countries.
The provisions of the Gas Directive will from now on be applicable to all these gas transmission lines, both onshore and offshore, in the territory and the territorial sea of the Member States. This is a major step towards a well—functioning, transparent and competitive European Union internal gas market where all suppliers are acting under the same European Union rules.
Exemptions for new infrastructure are only possible under strict procedures and conditions. These procedures and conditions are already well established under the current Gas Directive. The European Commission plays a decisive role and has extensive case practice. Each exemption decision has to be approved by the European Commission via a binding decision. The European Commission may grant the exemption, reject it or grant with appropriate modifications. The text agreed by the co—legislators also ensures transparency and cooperation among competent national authorities, for instance by requiring consultations among regulators before granting exemptions for new infrastructure.
Existing interconnectors with third countries will be eligible for a time—limited derogation to be granted by the Member States, for a period of up to 20 years — based on objective criteria — and all derogations shall be notified to the European Commission. The final text of the compromise preserves the possibility for Member States to conclude bilateral agreements with third countries on the operation of gas interconnectors, subject to authorisation by the European Commission — the so—called empowerment procedure.
But such agreements must comply with European Union law and they cannot change the rules of the Gas Directive. Together with the previously agreed rules on security of gas supply and intergovernmental agreements in the energy field, the Union has given itself a strong set of tools to deal effectively and collectively with our external energy suppliers. This has always been one of the main objectives of the Energy Union. I am looking forward to the debate.
Er funktioniert seit hervorragend. Er funktioniert! Und ich sage ganz klar: Der Kompromiss ist vertretbar, so wie er gefunden wurde. Das ist die Auslegung. Die Kommission hat vorher Rechte gehabt. Sie hat jetzt noch das Recht, dass sie eine Genehmigung — wenn man so will — unter strengen Bedingungen erteilen kann. Damit kann man leben.
Und deshalb sage ich: Wir werden darauf achten, wie es umgesetzt wird. Die Kommission hat mehrere Gutachten in Gang gesetzt — sie hatte keine Kompetenz.
- Francis GHILÈS.
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Aber wenn wir Kohle und Kernenergie ersetzen und erneuerbare Energien einsetzen, dann werden wir mehr Gas brauchen. Tillykke med en vigtig aftale for Europas fremtid! Hvordan det? Det har vi en klar interesse i. Herr Buzek, auch von meiner Seite vielen Dank. Das war auch nie die Absicht dieser Gesetzgebung; es wird allerdings erschwert. Und ich erwarte, dass sie da jetzt handelt. New EU definitions and less derogations to Member States will, according to this report, lower energy prices and augment regulatory certainty.
Mr President, it seems quite remarkable in my opinion that EU institutions have not yet learnt their lesson. Euroscepticism is rising all over Europe. People ask to be heard. Nevertheless, this House, just like the unelected EU Commission here in Brussels, seems to be living in a parallel reality, far from the poor householder that cannot afford their energy bills.
You are willing to sacrifice the needs of ordinary people to achieve a greater, yet highly expensive and unreliable energy goal. I think it is time to put the EU project aside and admit that EU energy legislation has impoverished Europe and its industries and households. Member States should be focusing their agenda and finances on discovering local energy sources.
It is time for Europe to become independent from its green-driven agenda. We know renewables are not reliable enough to make Europe free from energy imports. As for my country, Britain, I deeply hope that once outside the European Union, hopefully with a no deal Brexit, we will be able to scrap EU energy legislation altogether and invest in proper reliable and affordable energy sources. Christelle Lechevalier, au nom du groupe ENF.
We have disinformation, we have money laundering. We have laundering of money coming from the business of oil and natural gas in Russia and we have the disinformation and we have the warfare in Ukraine. How to decouple production from distribution as for all other actors on the European energy market? Why should we see it as some sort of diplomatic action? We apply the same rules to everyone — to the big producers and the big distributors and the small producers and the small distributors. They are against it all the time. What I would like to say to the Commissioner is: see to it that you use this legislation.
See to it that Germany does the negotiations, as it shall, and see to it that we can get an outcome which makes the European gas market transparent and full of competition. The speaker agreed to take a blue-card question under Rule 8. Why do you ignore Mr Langen from your political group? He is a very wise man, and he can sometimes take arguments.
The fact that he and I sometimes have different views, that is because you can have different views. We might have our discussions, but we stand united towards the threats against Europe. Mas sejamos claros. Dariusz Rosati PPE. I would like to express my thanks to President Buzek for his work. I think this is a step in the right direction. This directive aims at extending the main principles of the energy union also to the gas infrastructure, gas pipelines that come to the Union from third countries; this is very important.
These are the principles that ensure that competition is fair and free — unbundling of ownership of gas pipe pipelines and gas itself, free access of third parties to the infrastructure, regulatory oversight over tariffs, and also transparency of contracts. This is all good but, unfortunately, when I look at one very controversial project that has been already discussed here — the Nord Stream 2 — it is exactly an example of a project that breaks all these rules.
We have at the same time the ownership of the gas pipeline by Gazprom, which is also the owner of the gas that is going to be transported through this pipeline. This is not ideology. This is the question of our security. And my question to the Commission is this: on what grounds will the Commission grant exemptions from this directive in the case of the Nord Stream 2, given the fact that we have spare capacity in the existing infrastructure to bring more gas from Russia, existing pipelines are not yet fully used, and at the same time we have this policy by Russia which is based on using gas as a foreign policy tool for the Kremlin.
Dobbiamo continuare sulla strada iniziata con i pacchetti legislativi di riforma del mercato dell'energia e del gas e sostenere la necessaria realizzazione di infrastrutture di collegamento, anche alternative, che garantiscano la sicurezza degli approvvigionamenti. Maria Spyraki PPE. This Directive, among others, forms a firm and clear regulatory framework to ensure affordable and sustainable energy for all European consumers.
This is achieved by ensuring a level playing field for those involved in the EU energy market, as well as security and predictability for the potential investors, and this is extremely important as well. But it is not enough just to have energy security and economic and sustainable energy. Investments that are compatible with the directive should be exploited and supported — supported in geopolitical terms, in geostrategic terms and in geostrategic balances. Such an investment is also the EastMed pipeline, which has major challenges to face.
However, a firm political decision by the EU to support it will send a clear message of European determination to promote energy security in the southeast Mediterranean. The final beneficiaries will be European citizens. This is the way in which energy security becomes a reality: with a robust legal framework and strong financial support, but also firm political will.
One of the statistics that the Commissioner mentioned is worth repeating. But that also brings into question our security of supply in the sense that we need to diversify. We should definitely have more LNG, which gives us greater variety and choice. As well as that, of course, I have been involved in the renewable energy file. Over the next few years we have to incentivise renewable gas within the European Union. I spoke about that earlier today at the Eurogas Conference at the Renaissance Hotel. This has been a major strength in our cooperation over this entire mandate.
It has been our longstanding objective that when it comes to our external energy relations, the European Union should speak with one voice. With the legislation we have passed during this mandate — the IGAs Decision, the Security of Gas Supply Directive, and the amended Gas Directive discussed today — we now have the tools in place to do just that. As regards the Gas Directive, Members raised a number of important issues.
I would like to respond to the most important points raised. The conditions for such exemptions are clearly set out in the directive. The national authority with jurisdiction over an exemption decision will be the authority of the Member State where the first interconnection point is located. It may grant, reject or impose changes for the exemption decision by the national authorities.
As I said before, the final decision as to whether to grant an exemption stays with the Commission. The exemption conditions include the following criteria. First, the risk level is such that the investment will not take place without an exemption. So if the investment cannot take place without exemptions it will go that way. Second, the new infrastructure must enhance competition in the gas market, and also it has to enhance security of supply. These will be the criteria that will be applied objectively by the Commission when agreeing whether to grant an exemption.
I would like to conclude by thanking you again for your excellent cooperation. The new rules ensure that European Union law will be applied to pipelines bringing gas to Europe and that everyone interested in selling gas to Europe must respect European energy law. I think that we have all made a major step forward in the creation of a truly integrated internal gas market, which is based on solidarity and trust, with full involvement and oversight of the European Commission.
I trust that in your vote tomorrow you will maintain that spirit and adopt this very important piece of legislation with a broad majority, as has been shown in the debate this afternoon. Dotyczy Ukrainy. Although it gives the Commission a supervisory role in the approval of process regarding all pipelines linking the EU and third countries, it is too little too late when it comes to Nord Stream2. Since this project makes no commercial sense, as there is no lack of capacity in existing pipelines, there is a clear ulterior motive. Russia clearly demonstrated that it is ready to use energy as a political weapon when it restricted gas flow through Ukraine in and This alone should be reason enough to abandon this unreasonable project.
Ceterum censeo, Nord Stream2 needs to be cancelled. Gabriel Mato, ponente. No queremos que los mares y sus ecosistemas se deterioren, pero queremos que haya hombres y mujeres trabajando y teniendo un salario y condiciones de trabajo decentes. Violeta Bulc, Member of the Commission. Support for the achievement of the objectives of the CFP remains a core priority.
Such support should ensure that fishing activities are environmentally, economically and socially sustainable in the long term while they can contribute to the availability of food supplies. Hence the need for strong conditionalities for secession measures and leaving fleet renewal to private investment. However, support from the EU budget is necessary to help achieve and maintain sustainable fishing, based on the maximum sustainable yield and to reduce the impact of fisheries on our maritime environment.
This includes support for innovation and investment in low impact, climate resilient and low carbon fishing practices and techniques. The EMFF is also a tool to support fisheries control and scientific knowledge. The Commission has proposed to ring fence amounts for these areas of support to ensure that sufficient funding is dedicated to this cornerstone of fisheries management.
I would also like to insist on the importance of giving preferential treatment to small-scale fisheries. Food security and nutrition are also of the utmost importance. Fisheries and agriculture both contribute to this objective. An important challenge is therefore to encourage the consumption of fish protein produced in the Union, which meets high-quality standards and is available for consumers at affordable prices.
Therefore, the EMFF can support agriculture, including fresh water agriculture and the processing and marketing of fishery and agricultural products. The EMFF may also support the development of the sustainable blue economy by creating conditions for the development of the sector, removing bottlenecks to facilitate investment and market development.
This is essential to guarantee healthy, safe, secure, clean and sustainable management and specially manage seas and oceans worldwide, in line with the agenda for sustainable development, in particular Sustainable Development Goal Our proposal for the EMFF simplifies the delivery of the fund, compared with the rather complex architecture in the current period.
This simplified architecture will not pre-define eligible measures at Union level, but will give flexibility to Member States in designing these measures. Our proposal for a new EMFF represents an evolution rather than a revolution of the current regulation, with an important element of simplification. El ponente ha sido plenamente consciente de las necesidades del sector y de las circunstancias del ahora.
Y termino. El problema es que tenemos el tope de las capacidades que tienen atribuidas los Estados.
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No se puede, por consiguiente, superar esos topes en cuanto a la capacidad. Diese treten nicht oft auf. Wenn sie auftreten, dann doch oft mit heftigen Folgen. Blitzableiter geben Schutz durch Erdung. Auch wir sollten in dieser Debatte geerdet bleiben. Auf was spiele ich an? Zeit ist Geld! Und solche haben wir eingereicht. The amendment is actually throwing out money. My opinion was not to give money to islands that are very well sustainable without that help and that money. Credo che in tutte le lunghe discussioni che abbiamo avuto in questi mesi su questo file , questo non sia mai stato messo in discussione.
La differenza sta in come noi garantiamo il valore economico e sociale di questo settore. Per questo, secondo noi, il FEAMP dovrebbe come prima cosa aiutare verso il raggiungimento degli obiettivi della politica comune della pesca. Politica comune della pesca che abbiamo in piedi ormai da sei anni e che, in gran parte, non ha raggiunto e non sta raggiungendo i suoi obiettivi.
Semplificare significa tenere a mente che il FEAMP deve essere prima di tutto un fondo per i pescatori. Finalmente finanzieremo la tutela della sicurezza in mare e la salute dei lavoratori. I pescatori potranno, con procedure agevolate e anticipi, accedere a strumenti finanziari e assicurativi, in caso di incidenti in mare e di disastri naturali, e a compensazione per i danni causati da uccelli e mammiferi marini protetti.
A whole society, an industry, has been wrecked by this European Union, and we really did hope when this referendum came up that there would be a change. At last, we would be able to get our fishing grounds back. The fishermen were so uplifted. They campaigned so hard — they had flotillas going down the east coast, up the Thames — and when the referendum result came in, they cheered and cheered and cheered.
But those cheers are absolutely in vain. You have no intention, do you, of getting out of our waters? Fishing is changing rapidly. It is becoming an industry of even greater skill than ever before as ships are computerised and mechanised. Communities that have survived over hundreds of years due to the brotherhood of fishing will slowly cease to exist.
Esta proposta de regulamento deveria contribuir para alterar esta realidade. Por quantos anos mais vamos manter este bloqueio? The CFP has been grossly over—centralised and inflexible over most of its existence, to the detriment of many parts of our catching sector. Indeed, the CFP has often been used as a justification for Brexit. But we should never forget that the CFP has been constructed over the years with the full agreement of UK governments, and if Brexit goes ahead the UK Government has decided to retain fisheries powers at Westminster. Jacques Colombier ENF.
Y se pretende recortar. Por lo tanto, negarnos al recorte. Porque no se puede utilizar. Y, por tanto, necesitamos hacer grandes cambios. Y esa propuesta trae algunos de ellos, muy importantes e interesantes. Sofia Ribeiro PPE. Certo, molte volte a torto, ma spesso anche a ragione, se ci mettiamo nei panni dei nostri pescatori. The European Maritime and Fisheries Fund EMFF should be a tool for implementing our policy commitments under the common fisheries policy and maritime policy. Therefore, public support needs to be targeted at the challenges of these policies, in particular delivering healthy fish stocks and reducing fish waste through the implementation of the landing obligation and key topics for which EMFF investments are available.
I would like to insist on the very serious risk of introducing support for vessel construction and capacity—enhancing investments. This would be detrimental in terms of fisheries conservation and our maximum sustainable yield target. This would not only contradict the CFP, but also our international commitments under the sustainable development agenda under the WTO.
It would crowd out investment into more important areas such as improvements to selectivity. As Commissioner for Transport I can assure you that in the maritime sector we will take all the necessary steps to support sustainable development in the future as well. De verdad, no me parece leal que una vez que se aprueban esos compromisos mantengamos en el Pleno enmiendas que van en contra de los propios compromisos. En todo caso, yo quiero contestar en general. En absoluto. Todo lo contrario. Y es verdad que hay que eliminar la burocracia, porque no se pueden seguir utilizando fondos cuando no hay.
Posibilidades de utilizar fondos siempre sobran. Acuicultura, apuesta total y absoluta. Y, finalmente, hemos conseguido este acuerdo. Y, como es un acuerdo de muchas partes y muchos intereses, yo creo que es un gran acuerdo. Otros dicen que es demasiado medioambientalista. Yo creo que no: si unos dicen que estamos en un extremo, y otros en el otro, al final el punto medio es el acuerdo.
Quisiera destacar algunos aspectos. Es un hecho importante. It is the first EU multiannual management plan in the region. Based on the common fisheries policy, this plan provides a balance between environmental and socioeconomic aspects. This should bring us closer to sustainable fishing by , from which point in time fishing limits will have to fully respect maximum sustainable yield.
For the first time, control measures for the fishing effort regime will fully apply as from next year, With this new plan, closure areas will also get an even more prominent role in the Mediterranean Sea. From the entry into force, we will have a three—month closure for all trawl vessels and more closures are to follow in the coming years.
This will ensure protection of nursery and spawning grounds for demersal stocks such as hake. Another step forward is the integration of recreational fisheries and co—management into the plan, the latter being very popular for managing fisheries at the local level in the Mediterranean. When I look back to , when we embarked on the path towards sustainable fisheries in the Mediterranean with our MedFish4Ever Declaration in Catania, I realise the long road travelled to get the multiannual plan adopted and the tangible increase of ownership and awareness generated.
A new era in the western Mediterranean Sea will start with this plan, one in which concrete measures will be progressively implemented to reduce fishing mortality until we reach sustainable limits. I am confident that this new plan is the right way to go. It will ensure that fisheries have a prosperous future in this sea and that fishermen and fisherwomen will be the first ones to benefit from that. The plan serves as an important testimony of the possibility to progress in the Mediterranean when there is a political will to do so. It should therefore pave the way for other ambitious plans to advance from both the side of the EU and multilaterally in the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean.
During the trilogue, the Commission committed to making three statements relating to the best available scientific advice, the inclusion of depth intervals as a criteria for the segmentation of the fishing effort, and regional cooperation. These statements are part of the final compromise and the Commission will submit these statements for the minutes.
Pero esto no es lo peor. Las prohibiciones directas nunca son constructivas. Son simplistas, unidimensionales, desproporcionadas e injustas. El arrastre, como cualquier otro arte, no debe ser demonizado. Tenemos que reducir las capturas, pero nos hemos dotado de programas para afrontar el impacto social que provoca esta medida. Finalmente, un mensaje para los que van a rechazar este informe porque creen que se puede seguir como hasta ahora. Ricordo che fra le specie che vengono coperte da questo piano, ce ne sono alcune che, secondo i ricercatori, secondo la scienza, sono pescate quattro o cinque volte oltre il livello del massimo rendimento sostenibile.
Un grave e chiaro fallimento. Meglio partire da qualcosa, meglio creare almeno un livello di partenza e sperare che questo possa in qualche modo servire da stimolo nel futuro per cercare di fare molto ma molto meglio. Una regola uguale per tutti ci avrebbe fortemente svantaggiati. Fino ad ora l'Unione europea non aveva tenuto conto delle caratteristiche delle flotte in termini di navigazione e attrezzature tecniche. Oggi invece i mesi di chiusura saranno scelti dagli Stati in base alla regionalizzazione.
I negoziati sono stati lunghi, combattuti, non siamo pienamente soddisfatti, ma abbiamo migliorato tantissimo il testo e dato voce alle principali richieste della piccola pesca. Oltre alle misure di arresto temporaneo, andrebbe consentito agli Stati membri di istituire misure compensatorie all'arresto definitivo delle navi da pesca interessate dalle misure di riduzione dello sforzo di pesca proposte dal piano. Le flotte locali si sono adattate alle caratteristiche dei rispettivi luoghi di pesca. Una riduzione eccessiva di tali zone basata unicamente sui criteri geografici o topografici potrebbe quindi causare danni socioeconomici irreversibili per il settore.
I have taken note of the points raised during this debate. This plan is tailored to the specificities of the Western Mediterranean fisheries, notably with the choice of an effort regime as opposed to catch limitations. This type of management system fits well the mixed fishery prevalent in the sea basin and is easier to control and monitor.
With this plan we have struck a good and realistic balance between the conservation and socio-economic dimensions through a progressive reduction of the fishing effort to achieve maximum sustainable yield. This balance is also a factor of the additional measures provided for in the plan, chiefly the closure areas that contribute to reducing fishing mortality and improving selectivity of fishing.
Going forward, the Commission services will work closely with the Member States towards the implementation of the plan. In parallel, Member States will have the opportunity to review the operational programmes under the Fisheries Fund and introduce measures to facilitate this implementation. Allow me to say that, at a time when the Commission mandate is coming to an end, we are very proud to be part of the adoption of the first EU multiannual plan in the Mediterranean Sea.
We are confident that this will contribute to more sustainable fisheries and pave the way for a better management of Mediterranean fisheries. Pero sin duda ha dado lugar a un gran acuerdo. Por lo tanto, yo creo que es el mejor acuerdo posible. Porque el Grupo PPE ha apoyado, en todos y cada uno de los momentos, este acuerdo hasta el final. Biometric data must be collected in a manner that respects human dignity.
National authorities responsible for issuing ID cards must undertake fingerprints and facial images, as far as possible, in a gender—sensitive manner. Fingerprinting persons in a vulnerable situation, including those who have experienced gender-based violence, requires particular attention. There is a difference between sex and gender. Therefore, I am pleased that, in the future, the ID card format of national identity cards will include the category of gender with the options of female, male or gender neutral, described as X. It requires that the documents we use when exercising this right are secure and reliable.
A number of Member States still issue ID cards that do not meet international standards. Some even issue paper ID cards and many such ID cards remain in circulation. Weak ID cards represent a serious security gap. They can easily be falsified and could be used by terrorists and other criminals to enter the EU. His efforts to find acceptable and workable solutions were tireless and, in the end, successful. Let me also thank all the shadow rapporteurs for their hard work and commitment.
Last but not least, let me thank the Romanian and Austrian presidencies for their efforts. I would like to stress that the regulation does not oblige Member States to introduce ID cards if they do not already issue such cards, nor does it make ID cards mandatory in those cases where they are optional. In these situations citizens will continue to use a passport instead. Regarding biometrics, I know there have been intensive discussions on whether ID cards should contain a chip with the fingerprints of the holder and whether this should be compulsory for all Member States that issue ID cards.
We have consistently argued that fingerprints are a necessary security feature. The inclusion of biometric identifiers, and particularly the inclusion of fingerprints, renders documents more reliable and secure, and having secure and reliable ID cards is in the interest of citizens. Fingerprints on ID cards is also consistent with the approach for passports. Many Member States already include fingerprints in their ID cards or may be planning to do so, but only an obligation at EU level can make sure there is no weak link in our area of free movement without internal border controls.
At the same time, we agree with Parliament that robust data protection and fundamental rights safeguards are essential. Changes introduced by Parliament will also make sure that the keys necessary to verify biometric data stored on the chip are exchanged between the Member States. To summarise, the new common minimum standards will make sure that EU citizens can rely on secure and reliable documents. Er hat viele Positionen des Parlaments im Trilog erfolgreich vertreten.
Biometrische Daten sind bekanntlich sensibel; jede Speicherung dieser Daten stellt einen Eingriff in die Grundrechte dar. Dies war und ist die Position unserer Fraktion. Dies war ebenso die Position des Parlaments, und leider ist sie im Trilog aufgegeben worden. For os handler denne sag om sikkerhed. Sind sie einmal geklaut, dann ist das nicht korrigierbar. Deshalb hoffe ich, dass dieser Fehler morgen in der Verordnung korrigiert wird.
Helga Stevens ECR. Cijfers tonen aan dat dit broodnodig is. Het werkelijke getal ligt veel hoger. We maken het criminelen ook gewoon bijzonder gemakkelijk. Ze zoeken naar de minst beveiligde identiteitskaart en vervalsen die. En ja, die vingerafdrukken zijn absoluut nodig. Een foto is gemakkelijk te vervalsen, maar vingerafdrukken zijn uniek voor elke persoon.
Bovendien wordt in deze verordening vastgelegd dat vingerafdrukken alleen geraadpleegd mogen worden wanneer het echt noodzakelijk is en dat er geen grote Europese databank komt.